AskDefine | Define heave

Dictionary Definition



1 an upward movement (especially a rhythmical rising and falling); "the heaving of waves on a rough sea" [syn: heaving]
2 (geology) a horizontal dislocation
3 the act of lifting something with great effort [syn: heaving]
4 an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting; "a bad case of the heaves" [syn: retch]
5 the act of raising something; "he responded with a lift of his eyebrow"; "fireman learn several different raises for getting ladders up" [syn: lift, raise]
6 throwing something heavy (with great effort); "he gave it a mighty heave"; "he was not good at heaving passes" [syn: heaving]


1 utter a sound, as with obvious effort; "She heaved a deep sigh when she saw the list of things to do"
2 throw with great effort
3 rise and move, as in waves or billows; "The army surged forward" [syn: billow, surge]
4 lift or elevate [syn: heave up, heft, heft up]
5 nautical: to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or position; "The vessel hove into sight"
6 breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted; "The runners reached the finish line, panting heavily" [syn: pant, puff, gasp]
7 bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat; "The highway buckled during the heatwave" [syn: buckle, warp]
8 make an unsuccessful effort to vomit; strain to vomit [syn: gag, retch] [also: hove]

User Contributed Dictionary



hebban, from Germanic *hafjan, from Indo-European. Cognate with Dutch heffen, German heben, Swedish häfva; and with Latin capere.



  1. In the context of "transitive|archaic": To lift (generally); to raise, or cause to move upwards or forwards.
  2. To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift (a heavy thing).
    We heaved the chest-of-doors on to the second-floor landing.
  3. In the context of "transitive|mining|geology": To displace (a vein, stratum).
  4. In the context of "transitive|now|_|rare": To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions.
    The wind heaved the waves.
  5. To rise and fall.
    Her chest heaved with emotion.
  6. To utter with effort.
    She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window.
  7. In the context of "transitive|now|_|nautical": To throw, cast.
    The cap'n hove the body overboard.
  8. In the context of "transitive|nautical": To pull up with a rope or cable.
    Heave up the anchor there, boys!
  9. To make an effort to vomit; to retch.
    The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave.


  1. An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.
  2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like.
  3. A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
  4. The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare with pitch.

Extensive Definition

For other meanings, see Degrees of freedom or Degree
In mechanics, degrees of freedom (DOF) are the set of independent displacements and/or rotations that specify completely the displaced or deformed position and orientation of the body or system. This is a fundamental concept relating to systems of moving bodies in mechanical engineering, aeronautical engineering, robotics, structural engineering, etc.
In chemical engineering, degrees of freedom are used to determine if a material balance is possible for a given process. It takes into account the number reactions, temperature, pressure, heat transfer, percent yield, moles entering/exiting, and various other pieces of additional information.
A particle that moves in three dimensional space has three translational displacement components as DOFs, while a rigid body would have at most six DOFs including three rotations. Translation is the ability to move without rotating, while rotation is angular motion about some axis.

See also

heave in German: Freiheitsgrad
heave in Esperanto: Grado de libereco
heave in Persian: درجه آزادی
heave in French: Degré de liberté (mécanique)
heave in Japanese: 自由度
heave in Korean: 자유도
heave in Norwegian: Frihetsgrad
heave in Polish: Stopień swobody (fizyka)
heave in Russian: Степени свободы
heave in Slovak: Stupeň voľnosti
heave in Slovenian: Prostostna stopnja
heave in Sundanese: Tingkat kabebasan
heave in Swedish: Frihetsgrad
heave in Turkish: Serbestlik derecesi
heave in Chinese: 自由度

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

a leg up, aye, barf, be nauseated, be poised, be seasick, be sick, billow, blow, board, boom, boost, bore, bowl, break, breakers, breathe, bring up, bung, buoy up, cascade, cast, cast at, cast loose, cast up, catapult, change of pace, change-up, choke on, chop, choppiness, chopping sea, chuck, chuck at, chuck up, chunk, clap on ratlines, clear hawse, comb, comber, crash, curve, cut loose, dart, dash, dirty water, disgorge, downcurve, draft, drag, draggle, draw, eagre, ebb and flow, egest, elevate, erect, escalate, fastball, feed the fish, feel disgust, fidget, fire, fire at, fling, fling at, flip, flip out, flounder, flutter, fork, forward pass, freak out on, gag, gasp, get high on, glow, go pitapat, gravity wave, groan, ground swell, hale, haul, haul down, have the fidgets, have the shakes, heave apeak, heave at, heave round, heave short, heave the gorge, heavy sea, heavy swell, heft, heighten, heist, hike, hobbyhorse, hoick, hoist, hold up, huff, hurl, hurl against, hurl at, hurtle, incurve, jerk, jerk up, keck, kedge, knock up, knuckleball, lance, lateral, lateral pass, launch, lay, lay aloft, let fly, let fly at, levitate, lift, lift up, lob, loft, log, lop, lug, lurch, make heavy weather, moan, move, outcurve, overexert, overexertion, overextend, overextension, overstrain, overstress, overtax, overtaxing, palpitate, pant, pass, peak, peg, pelt, perk up, pitch, pitch and toss, pitchfork, plunge, popple, pound, press, puff, puke, pull, put, put the shot, quake, quaver, quiver, rack, raise, raise up, ratline down, rear, rear up, reel, regurgitate, reject, retch, riffle, ripple, rise, rise and fall, rock, roll, roller, rough water, scend, screwball, sea, send, serve, service, set up, shake, shiver, shot-put, shy, shy at, sick up, sicken at, sigh, sinker, sky, slider, sling, sling at, smash, snake, snap, spar down, spew, spitball, spitter, squirm, stick up, strain, strain every nerve, straining, stream the log, stress, stress and strain, stressfulness, stretch, surf, surge, sway, sweat blood, swell, swell with emotion, swing, take in tow, tax, taxing, tense, tension, thrill, thrill to, throb, throw, throw at, throw up, tidal bore, tidal wave, tide wave, tilt, tingle, tingle with excitement, toss, toss and tumble, toss and turn, toss at, tow, trail, train, traverse a yard, trawl, tremble, troll, trough, tsunami, tug, tumble, turn on to, twist and turn, twitch, twitter, undulate, undulation, unlash, up, upbuoy, upcast, upchuck, upcurve, upheave, uphoist, uphold, uplift, upraise, uprear, upthrow, utter, vomit, wallow, warp, water wave, wave, wavelet, welter, white horses, whitecaps, wiggle, wriggle, writhe, yaw
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